The ability to maintain a constant internal environment is

The ability to maintain a constant internal environment is
GBIO 225 week 1 Exam
1) The ability to maintain a constant internal environment is
(1pts)

physiology

homeostasis

development

metabolism
2) Impulses are received by nerve cells through
(1pts)

any process that is long enough to reach the receptor.

an axon.

the intervention of the neuroglia.

numerous dendrites.
3) Tissues come together to form
(1pts)

Cells.

Atoms.

Molecules.

Organs.
4) Nucleic acids are built from
(1pts)

DNA

coenzymes

nucleotides

ATP
5) The two types of nucleic acids are
(1pts)

RNA and proteins.

DNA and RNA.

nucleotides and DNA

DNA and proteins.
6) Every living organism must have
(1pts)

a nucleoid region.

mitochondria.

at least one cell.

a cell wall.
7) Which of the following is MOST accurate regarding cells?
(1pts)

All cells divide by meiosis.

Cells arise through spontaneous generation.

All cells have a nucleus.

All living organisms are made up of one or more cells.
8) Which three things do all living cells have in common?
(1pts)

cytoplasm, a cell wall, and lysosomes

a nucleus, ribosomes, and a cell membrane

a nucleus, cytoplasm, and a cell wall

a plasma membrane, DNA, and cytoplasm
9) The word prokaryotic means
(1pts)

before the nucleus.

having many nuclei.

having a nucleus with no DNA.

having a membrane-bound nucleus.
10) The word eukaryotic means
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having no nucleus.

before the nucleus.

having a true nucleus.

having two nuclei.
11) Most of the molecules in cell membranes are
(1pts)

nucleic acids.

carbohydrates.

phospholipids.

proteins.
12) These are the primary cellular sites for the assembly of proteins.
(1pts)

mitochondria

ribosomes

lysosomes

Golgi bodies
13) Which organelle is the sorting and shipping center of proteins for export from the cell or insertion into the cell membrane.
(1pts)

lysosomes

mitochondria

Golgi bodies

ribosomes
14) These organelles are the powerhouse of the cell and have enzymes that generate ATP.
(1pts)

ribosomes

Golgi bodies

lysosomes

mitochondria
15) These organelles contain enzymes that digest various substances.
(1pts)

nuclei

ribosomes

Golgi bodies

lysosomes
16) What organelle/structure stores the DNA in the cell?
(1pts)

Golgi body

nucleus

ribosomes

mitochondria
17) The proteins of the cell membrane can function as
(1pts)

enzymes.

channels through the membrane.

transporters that move substances across the membrane.

all of these.
18) Selective permeability of the cell membrane is controlled by the plasma membrane which is composed of
(1pts)

proteins.

lipids and proteins.

lipids.

electrolytes.
19) Chromatin describes
(1pts)

DNA and RNA.

only DNA.

DNA and associated proteins.

RNA only.
20) The smooth endoplasmic reticulum stores and releases calcium ions in which organ?
(1pts)

the spleen.

the liver.

the pancreas.

skeletal muscles.
21) Scientists believe that mitochondria may have evolved from bacteria because
(1pts)

mitochondria have their own DNA.

they both have cristae membranes.

both are surrounded by a cell wall.

the shapes and sizes are exactly the same.
22) The tissue that lines internal surfaces of the body is
(1pts)

supportive connective.

fibrous.

epithelial.

loose connective.
23) Tears, milk, sweat, and oil are secreted by glands made of what tissue?
(1pts)

lymphoid

loose connective

epithelial

nervous
24) Collagen fibers are found in high concentrations in which tissue?
(1pts)

epithelial

nervous

muscle

connective
25) Muscle that is NOT striped and is involuntary is
(1pts)

skeletal.

striated.

cardiac.

smooth.
26)The endocrine system functions in
(1pts)

hormonal control of body functioning.

conduction.

contraction.

protection against disease.
27)The maintenance of the volume and composition of body fluids is the direct responsibility of which system?
(1pts)

urinary

digestive

immune

integumentary
28)When a cell undergoes mitosis,
(1pts)

the daughter cells have identical genes, and these genes are identical to those of the “parent” cells that produced them.

the amount of cytoplasm in the “parent” cell and in each daughter cell is equal.

there is an exact duplication and division of all of the organelles between daughter cells.

the daughter cells have identical genes.
29) In mitosis, if a “parent” cell has 16 chromosomes, each daughter cell will have how many chromosomes?
(1pts)

16

32

64

8
30) The chromosome number in human body cells is
(1pts)

46

23

69

39

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